On November 29, 1947 the United Nations partitioned the British Mandate for Palestine creating two states – the Jewish State and the Arab State. The resolution stated Jerusalem was to be an international city belonging to neither state. In 10 years the citizens of Jerusalem would vote as to which state to join. The leadership of the newly formed Jewish state of Israel agreed to this plan, however the Arab leadership did not.
The following day Israel was attacked en masse by her Arab neighbors. Israel’s War of Independence had begun. Jordan captured east Jerusalem and the Old City. Israeli forces made a valiant attempt to thwart them; however, they were unable to do so. By the end of 1948 Jerusalem was divided between Israel and Jordan. In the Jordanian portion of Jerusalem all traces of Jewish existence were defaced including turning the Western Wall into a dump.